Risk Factors For Lung Diseases
Lung diseases are usually caused by internal and external factors. It will lead to pulmonary dysfunction and pathological changes. In daily life, there are many risk factors for lung diseases including:
Genetic factors: If you have congenital lung diseases, it is mainly related to genes and the early development process, such as congenital pulmonary hypoplasia, pulmonary sequestration, congenital lung air sacs, etc. A series of congenital diseases will lead to defective lung function, resulting in lung diseases.
Smoking: Smoking is a clinically recognized high-risk factor for lung disease since tobacco contains harmful chemical components, long-term smoking can damage airway epithelial cells and affect cilia movement, resulting in asthma, lung cancer, and other lung diseases.
Infection: Repeated infection by bacteria and viruses may cause pneumonia or induce respiratory failure. In addition, you may also develop respiratory infections and airway diseases which are also important causes of lung diseases.
Air pollution: Occupational lung disease has a higher occurrence in people who exposure to relatively dirty air in long term. For example, people working in coal mines and mines, who inhale dust and particles for a long time are more prone to occupational lung disease.
Disease factors: Aspiration pneumonia can be caused by choking and aspiration of abnormal particles or fluid. Other lung diseases can be triggered by organic diseases, such as diabetes, liver cirrhosis, etc., those diseases will lead to suppressed immune function and increase the risk of lung diseases.
Clinical Symptoms Of Lung Diseases
Symptoms of lung diseases often affect breathing and may include:
Symptoms affecting other parts of the body may also suggest lung disease. People with lung disease may experience:
In addition, more common symptoms, such as fever, fatigue, exhaustion, or general unwellness may also suggest lung or airway disease. Some other symptoms, such as coughing or wheezing, may also indicate lung diseases. Disorders that involve nerves or muscles, such as myasthenia gravis and Guillain-Barre syndrome, can cause respiratory muscle weakness and pulmonary symptoms.